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In 1783, Thomas Jefferson stood in awe of its beauty. Abolitionist John Brown raided the U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry in 1859, only to be captured by U.S. Marines led by Col. Robert E. Lee and Lt. J.E.B. Stuart. In 1861, General Thomas J. Jackson occupied Harpers Ferry, then returned in 1862 as “Stonewall,” bringing about the largest mass surrender of U.S. troops of the Civil War.
Today, the Civil War Trust has the opportunity to save 13 acres at Harpers Ferry. This tract—the site of the historic Allstadt’s Ordinary—played a pivotal role in John Brown’s raid and was at the heart of the battlefield in 1862. Now, thanks to a phenomenal $19.41-to-$1 match, we can protect this crucial piece of American history and preserve it for future generations.
On Sunday afternoon, June 15th, there will be a marker dedication at 2pm at Quaker Memorial Presbyterian Church in Lynchburg, honoring the fallen West Virginia soldiers buried there in unmarked graves. The event is sponsored by the Taylor-Wilson Camp #10 of the Union Veterans of the Civil War. The public is invited to attend. Listed below are the West Virginia soldiers lost during the Lynchburg Campaign.
Many other events and activities are scheduled during the week of June 13-21, 2014. For more information on the Lynchburg Sesquicentennial, contact Kevin Shroyer, chairman of the Lynchburg Sesquicentennial Committee.
For more information on the Lynchburg Campaign, visit huntersraid.org.
Union soldiers from West Virginia who were casualties of Gen. David Hunter’s Lynchburg Campaign, June 10-20, 1864
1st West Virginia Light Artillery, Battery B
1. Pvt. John Boyce
2. Pvt. William Rust
1st West Virginia Light Artillery, Battery D
3. Pvt. John G. Beardsley
4. Pvt. John W. Durbin
5. Pvt. James O. Mills
1st West Virginia Cavalry
6. Pvt. Alexander Hoback, Wagoner
2nd West Virginia Cavalry
7. Pvt. James Woodrum, Co. H
3rd West Virginia Cavalry
8. Corp. William Wentz, Co. M
7th West Virginia Cavalry
9. Pvt. Valentine Alexander, Co. G
10. Sgt. Patterson Ballard, Co. B
11. Pvt. William A. Green, Co. I
12. Sgt. Abner Monk, Co. B
1st West Virginia Infantry
13. 2nd Lieut. Joseph B. Gordon, Co. C
14. Pvt. Robert J. Simpson, Co. I
5th West Virginia Infantry
15. Pvt. John Fausnott, Co. D
16. Pvt. Daniel Forbus, Co. B
17. Pvt. Solomon Harrison, Co. D
18. Pvt. James M. Johnson, Co. H
19. Pvt. John Kelley, Co. K
20. Pvt. James H Parker, Co. I
21. 2nd Lieut. David J. Thomas, Co. A
22. Sgt. Colman B.B. Waller, Co. K
9th West Virginia Infantry
23. Pvt. Henry S. Smith, Co. D
11th West Virginia Infantry
24. 1st Lieut. James Barr, Co. D
25. Pvt. Henderson Burdett, Co. G
26. Pvt. Thomas McPherson, Co. K
27. Pvt. James L. Mathews, Co. I
28. Pvt. Francis Proudfoot, Co. C
29. Pvt. Jasper Rand, Co. B
30. Pvt. Morgan Rexroad, Co. C
31. Pvt. John W. Sigler, Co. C
32. Pvt. Francis M. Smith, Co. C
12th West Virginia Infantry
33. Pvt. James M. Stewart, Co. F
34. Pvt. James White, Co. K
14th West Virginia Infantry
35. Pvt. John S. Prince, Co. D
15th West Virginia Infantry
36. Pvt. Phillip Coonts, Phillip, Co. F
37. Pvt. Daniel Daugherty, Co. C
38. Pvt. Daniel Dulaney, Co. C
39. Sgt. Thomas Fowler, Co. A
40. Corp. Joseph W. Hitt, Co. B
41. Pvt. John S. Kayser, Co. D
42. Pvt. William King, Co. K
43. Pvt. Robert Lemmon, Co. C
44. Pvt. George Runner, Co. E
45. Pvt. John Watkins, Co. C
The Civil War Trust has negotiated to purchase a property on the Shepherdstown Battlefield and has asked for the Shepherdstown Battlefield Preservation Association’s (SBPA) help in funding the purchase. The property, with a house, is 1.6 acres and contiguous to the Cement Mill property. The price is $185,000. If the purchase is completed with SBPA’s help, it will mean that SBPA has helped to save 104 acres of the battlefield. In addition the purchase of this property will mean that 79 acres will be contiguous and contain about 1850 feet of river front property along the Potomac River and measure about 2100 feet south of the river.
The Board of SBPA would like to contribute as much as possible and asks your help in effecting this purchase. We continue to thank you for your past support and hope that you will continue to support our effort to save the battlefield.
-SBPA Board of Directors
Cement Mill Property Listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Through the diligent work of the Jefferson County Historic Landmarks Commission and Martin Burke, Chairman, the Cement Mill property has been included in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). The effort was aided by Tom Clemens, who helped in obtaining the approval of the Washington County (MD) Historic District Commission (WCHDC). As you may know, thePotomac River is in MD which places the Cement Mill dam in the river and in MD. Consequently, the application for inclusion in the NRHP needed the approval of the WCHDC.
In a letter from Flat Top Mountain, [West] Virginia, on July 18, 1862, Sergeant John F. Sherrick of Company E, 34th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, describes the beauty of the area, and of prayer meetings being held in camp. Enlisting at age 27, Sherrick was later wounded at Fisher’s Hill, Virginia, on September 22, 1864, and died of his wounds at Baltimore on October 1, 1864. He is buried in the Loudon Park National Cemetery, Baltimore, Maryland.
Camp Flattop Tannery
Flattop Mountain July 18th, 1862
One & all
Once more I try to drop a line to you & endeavor to let you know of my whereabouts yet I know not what is the reason that I do not receive more letters from you, whether you never receive mine, or I yours.
Since our retreat from Princeton we have remained on Flattop Mountain which is a very healthy & pleasant place & the most romantic scenery of any camp we have ever been in. To go on the highest point one can see from 30 to 60 miles over a hilly or mountainous country which looks beautiful & to a great extent like some vast meadow or grain field when the wind blows making its surface a succession of waves. In the distance may be seen looking up like some dark cloud the top of some of the highest points of the blue ridge, nearer the Alleghany range & still nearer & nearly surrounding you smaller mountains, spurs of the Alleghany & numbers of large hills, thus you may form some idea of the scenery. The best of water & plenty of it flows from the top of this mountain. The health of the men here is good. There are very few in the hospital & our surgeons are almost idle. My health is still good.
We started a prayer meeting about a week ago & the 1st night there was 8 or 10 present & we continued on every night & the meeting has been growing both in numbers & interest & I tell you I found it was good for me to be there. Now we have a couple hundred present generally. Some confessing that they do not enjoy religion but did once & desire to start anew. Others say their “feet had well nigh slipped” but they felt encouraged & strengthened & were determined to persevere on & finally reach their “mansion in that sunlight clime”. One or two say they have felt a change of heart & that they enjoy themselves in a Saviors love & then what touching incidents are related. One man left home a professed Christian but since he was in the army he grew cold & indifferent in religion. He had a wife & 5 children at home & he was not blessed with much of this worlds goods. His companion took sick & died & his children are left without a home, cast upon the cold charity’s of the world, his wife requested him to meet her in heaven. It aroused him & now his only stay & support is the Savior & his love & mercy & then the prayers of many a pious mother or loved one is often spoke of & its mellowing influence is felt by more than one.
Amongst those thus assembled are a number of Germans & our meetings are carried on part in English & part in German & from various denominations yet they all seem to travel the same road & have the same theme to talk about namely the love of God, truly one can say here “How pleasant thus to dwell below in fellowship & love” when he sees them thus mingling together in harmony, but there are other things that detract from the loveliness of the scene, such as being in arms & the constant profanity & vulgarity of many others by which we are surrounded.
Oh that all would turn from the error of their way & seek salvation. Remember us in your prayers that much good may be done in the name of God & we all finally meet in heaven. Please answer & give my respects to all enquiring friends, I must close. Remaining yours as ever,
John F. Sherrick
Co. E. 34th Regt. O. V. P.
Via. Charleston W. Va.
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You can help save 924 acres of core battlefield at Cool Springs, Virginia, where 5000 troops of General George Crook’s Army of West Virginia fought against a force of 8000 Confederates on July 18, 1864. (Casualties: Federal 422, Confederate 397) Several West Virginia units were involved in this fight including the 1st, 4th, 12th, and 15th West Virginia Infantry regiments.
Currently, there is an opportunity to multiply your gift with a $30.53 to $1.00 match!
November 6, 2013, marked the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Droop Mountain. Droop Mountain Battlefield State Park Superintendent Michael Smith did a great job in organizing a wonderful ceremony to dedicate a new monument to the soldiers killed or died of wounds during the battle. Speakers included my good friends Terry Lowry, author of Last Sleep: The Battle of Droop Mountain, and Richard A. Wolfe, representing the West Virginia Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission. I had the honor of reading the names of the fallen soldiers of the West Virginia Mounted Infantry units.
For more information, visit www.droopmountainbattlefield.com.
Charleston Gazette Newspaper coverage of the event: http://www.wvgazette.com/News/201311090049
On November 5, 2013, author/historian Terry Lowry will give a presentation on the 1862 battle of Charleston and the Kanawha Valley Campaign at the Tuesday evening lecture in the Archives and History Library in the Culture Center in Charleston. The program will begin at 6:00 p.m. and is free and open to the public.
In 1903 Sgt. Joseph A. Saunier, Co. F, 47th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, a veteran of the battle of Charleston and the 1862 Kanawha Valley Campaign of the Civil War, wrote, “It is a curious fact that in all the military histories of the late war there is no mention made of one of the most masterly retreats that occurred during the rebellion, and that was the one that was conducted by Colonel Lightburn in the fall of ’62, from Gauley Bridge, West Va., thence to the Battle of Charleston, thence from Charleston to the Ohio River.” The battle of Charleston, fought September 13, 1862, between the Confederate forces of Gen. William W. Loring and the Federal army command of Col. Joseph A. J. Lightburn has long been neglected by historians.
Lowry’s presentation on the campaign will include details of the battles of Fayetteville, Cotton Hill, Montgomery’s Ferry, Charleston, and Buffalo, in addition to the Trans-Allegheny Raid of Gen. Albert G. Jenkins. He will detail the burning and mass evacuation of Charleston and provide insight into the various personalities involved, such as Col. Samuel A. Gilbert, father of Cass Gilbert, who designed the current West Virginia State Capitol, and Col. Edward Siber, who held off more than 5,000 Confederate soldiers with only two under-strength regiments of infantry, at Fayetteville. To compliment his presentation, Lowry will display a number of actual artifacts from the battle and campaign from his own personal collection, as well as of the State Archives collections, many never before seen by the public.
A native of South Charleston, Lowry received his BA in History in 1974 from West Virginia State College (now University) and studied Civil War History at Marshall University Graduate School. A professional musician for most of his life, he spent over twenty years as music critic at Charleston Newspapers, Inc., and one year with The Atlanta Journal. He published his first book, The Battle of Scary Creek; Military Operations in the Kanawha Valley, April-July 1861, in 1982. Other books have included September Blood: The Battle of Carnifex Ferry (1985); two volumes of the Virginia Regimental Histories Series, 22nd Virginia Infantry (1988) and 26th (Edgar’s) Battalion Virginia Infantry (1991); and Last Sleep: The Battle of Droop Mountain, November 6, 1863 (1996). In 2000 he co-authored with Stan Cohen, Images of the Civil War in West Virginia. Lowry’s most recent book is Bastard Battalion: A History of the 83rd Chemical Mortar Battalion in World War II (2009). His new book, The Battle of Charleston and the 1862 Kanawha Valley Campaign, is tentatively scheduled for an early 2014 release. Lowry currently is a historian with West Virginia Archives and History, where he has been employed since 2001.
On November 5, the library will close at 5 p.m. and reopen at 5:45 p.m. for participants only. For planning purposes, participants are encouraged to register for the lecture, but advance registration is not required to attend. To register in advance, contact Robert Taylor, library manager, by e-mail or at (304) 558-0230, ext. 163. Participants interested in registering by e-mail should send their name, telephone number and the name and date of the session. For additional information, contact the Archives and History Library at (304) 558-0230.
On September 30, 2013, the Civil War Trust (CWT) closed on the purchase of a property on the site of the 1862 Battle of Shepherdstown. The property is contiguous to the historic Cement Mill property. The property was purchased for $70,000 with funds supplied by the American Battlefield Protection Program of the National Park Service (NPS), the CWT and from a $10,000 donation by the Shepherdstown Battlefield Preservation Association Inc. (SBPA). The property is less than one acre but is strategically important as it is at the intersection of Trough and River Roads. Now, approximately 75 contiguous acres from the Potomac River south have been saved and preserved.
The CWT has remitted the title of the property to the Jefferson County Historic Landmarks Commission (JCHLC). A small house on the property will be demolished and the JCHLC intends to merge the property into the Cement Mill tract and place it within the conservation easement recently placed on the Cement Mill property. Ultimately, the JCHLC intends to donate the entire property to the NPS.
The Cement Mill property was purchased for $375,000 by the JCHLC in 2011 with funds garnered by the SBPA, the CWT, Save Historic Antietam Foundation, Inc. and a final contribution from the office of West Virginia Governor Earl Tomblin. Approximately, 102 acres of the core of the site of the Battle of Shepherdstown have now been saved and preserved. SBPA continues in its effort of saving about 300 acres within the core of the battlefield site. Importantly, in 2010, the “Update to the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report on the Nation’s Civil War Battlefields” concluded that the site of the Battle of Shepherdstown included approximately 2,500 acres in West Virginia. Approximately 265 of those acres have been saved.
Historians consider the Battle of Shepherdstown significant because it resulted in the preliminary issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862. The battle persuaded Confederate General Robert E. Lee against further incursions into Maryland that year. Lee’s Maryland Campaign of 1862 met none of his goals and his defeat in Maryland and retreat after the Battle of Shepherdstown, importantly gave the Union Army a military victory that President Abraham Lincoln considered necessary for the release of the Emancipation Proclamation.
For further information contact:
Martin Burke – Chairman, Jefferson County Historic Landmarks Commission – (304) 876-3883
Edward Dunleavy – President, Shepherdstown Battlefield Preservation Association Inc. (917) 747-5748
Ravenswood, July 19, 2013 – With no coastline and no ocean ports, West Virginia seems an unlikely locale for a battle involving the U.S. Navy.
But 150 years ago today, a few miles upstream from this Ohio River town, artillery fire from a pair of Navy gunboats in West Virginia waters played a key role in bringing an abrupt end to a daring Confederate cavalry raid that swept through Indiana and Ohio.
Eric Wittenberg, one of the nation’s leading experts on Civil War cavalry, is the guest speaker for the May meeting of the Kanawha Valley Civil War Roundtable. Wittenberg is the author of The Battle of White Sulphur Springs: Averell Fails to Secure West Virginia. The book is the focus of Wittenberg’s lecture at the May meeting of the Kanawha Valley Civil War Roundtable. The meeting will be Tuesday, May 21 at 7:00 p.m. at the South Charleston Public Library. The meeting is free and open to the public.
The Battle of White Sulphur Springs is one of the first in 1863 to involve Gen. William Woods Averell’s 4th Separate Brigade. Averell, a West Point graduate who had risen to command a division in the Army of the Potomac’s Cavalry Corps, assumed command of the brigade in May 1863. It was comprised of infantry, mounted infantry, cavalry and artillery batteries. The mounted infantry regiments were the 2nd, 3rd and 8th West Virginia, regiments which began the war as infantry, became mounted infantry in 1863 and finished the war as the 5th, 6th and 7th West Virginia Cavalry regiments respectively.
“There is a misperception that Averell was afraid to fight. That he was too cautious. The truth is that he was a bold gambler who did what he needed to do. This was a brutal slugging match, and Averell and his troops were up to the task,” Wittenberg said.
Eric Wittenberg is an attorney in Columbus, Ohio. His other books include The Union Cavalry Comes of Age: Hartwood Church to Brandy Station; The Battle of Brandy Station; Gettysburg’s Forgotten Cavalry Actions; Protecting the Flank: The Battles for Brinkeroff’s Ridge and East Cavalry Field; One Continuous Fight: The Retreat from Gettysburg and the Pursuit of Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia;Lil Phil: A Reassessment of the Civil War Generalship of Gen. Philip H. Sheridan; and Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads and the Civil War’s Final Campaign. His new books include one on Gen. John Buford’s division in the Gettysburg Campaign and Buckeyes Forward, a book on Ohio troops in the Antietam Campaign.
Copies of The Battle of White Sulphur Springs will be available for purchase at the meeting. For more information, phone (304)389-8587.