11th West Virginia Infantry

HISTORY

The Eleventh Infantry was organized in May, 1862; its early service was in the western part of West Virginia, mainly on the line of the B. & O. R. R., in Wilkinson’s brigade, Kelley’s division, Eighth Army Corps. The following field officers were entrusted with its organization: John C. Rathbone, colonel; Daniel Frost, lieutenant-colonel; and George C. Trimble, major. Colonel Rathbone was honorable discharged January 6, 1863. On February 6, 1863, Lieutenant-Colonel Frost succeeded to the colonelcy. On the 9th of May, 1864, Col. H. G. Sickel, commanding brigade in the terrible battle of Cloyd’s Mountain, in his report of same, makes special mention of the gallantry of Colonel Frost and his regiment. Six companies of the regiment, under Colonel Frost, participated in the advance from Lewisburg, June 1, 1864,–Col. Jacob M. Campbell’s brigade, Crook’s division-to Staunton, Va., having had considerable skirmishing en route, when the regiment, on June 8, joined General Hunter’s command, remaining with Hunter in his expedition via Lexington to the Kanawha, where they arrived June 29, the regiment having marched 412 miles in the heart of the enemy’s country, having lost in killed one officer (Lieut. James Barr, of Co. D), and five men, with 20 wounded.

At the battle of Snicker’s Ferry, July 18, 1864, Col. Joseph Thoburn commanding division, Colonel Frost was in command of the Third Brigade, and while gallantly leading his command, fell mortally wounded. On the 28th of October, 1864, Lieut.-Col. Van H. Bukey was promoted to colonel of the regiment. Colonel Bukey had passed through all the grades of promotion from lieutenant to captain, to major, to lieutenant-colonel and colonel, in all of which he illustrated the best qualities of the brave soldier, remaining with his regiment until final muster out.

In March, 1865, the regiment was assigned to duty in the Army of the Potomac. The First Division of the Army of West Virginia embraced the 10th, 11th, 12th and 15th West Virginia Infantry Regiments, which was incorporated in the 24th Army Corps, and formed the Third Division of that corps, until it was broken up by the muster out of troops. The division was commanded in the final campaign of the war by Brevet Maj.-Gen’l John W. Turner. The 10th, 11th and 15th Regiments constituted the First Brigade of that division, under the command of Brevet Maj.-Gen’l Thomas M. Harris, formerly colonel of the 10th Regiment. In this campaign the regiment proved to be a gallant body of men. They took an active part in the fall of Petersburg, High Bridge, and at Appomattox. The regiment lost during its term of service, four officers and 63 enlisted men killed in battle, and died of disease or wounds, 148; total 215. It was mustered out June 17, 1865, at Richmond, Virginia.

SERVICE

Organized at Wheeling, Elizabeth, Burning Springs, Parkersburg, Ravenswood, Kanawha Station and Point Pleasant, W. Va., October 29, 1861, to October 8, 1862. At Ceredo and Parkersburg, W. Va., till October, 1862. Attached to Railroad District, West Virginia, Dept. of the Mountains and Middle Department, to January, 1863. Parkersburg, W. Va., to March, 1863. 6th Brigade, 1st Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. Wilkinson’s Brigade, Scammon’s Division, Dept. West Virginia, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to July, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Infantry Division, West Virginia, July, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to December, 1864. 3rd Brigade, Independent Division, 24th Army Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1865.

SERVICE.–Duty at Parkersburg and guarding Baltimore & Ohio Railroad through counties south of line from Jackson County to Lewis County till June, 1863. Skirmishes at Arnoldsburg and Camp McDonald, W. Va., May 6, 1862. Scout to Roane and Clay Counties May 8-21. Big Bend June 4. Mouth West Fork June 10. Glenville September 1. Spencer Roane Court House September 2. Operations against Jones’ Raid on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad April 21-May 21, 1863. Duty on the Upper Potomac till August. West Union May 6, 1863 (1 Co.). Elizabeth Court House May 16. At Parkersburg, Clarksburg, Grafton, Sutton, Bulltown and Beverly guarding Baltimore & Ohio Railroad till April, 1864. Operations against Morgan July 2-26, 1863. Glenville August 21, 1863 (Cos. “C,” “H”). Near Glenville August 27, 1863 (Cos. “C,” “H”). Skirmish at Beech Fork, Calhoun County, September 8, 1863. Roane County September 12. Bulltown, Braxton County, October 13. Salt Lick Bridge October 14. Ravenswood October 26. Sandy River near Elizabeth October 27. Hurricane Creek December 3 (Detachment). Crook’s Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19, 1864. Princeton May 6. Battle of Cloyd’s Mountain May 9. Cove Mountain or Grassy lack near Wytheville and New River Bridge May 10. Salt Pond Mountain and Gap Mountain May 12-13. Hunter’s Expedition to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Panther Gap June 4. Middlebrook and Brownsville June 10. Lexington June 11. Otter Creek near Liberty June 16. Spencer June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Retreat to Charleston, W. Va., June 19-July 1. Buford’s Gap June 19. About Salem June 21. Moved to Shenandoah Valley July. Sandy Hook, Md., July 8. Snicker’s Ferry or Gap July 17-18. Battle of Kernstown, Winchester, July 24. Flintstone Creek, Md., August 1. Cumberland, Md., August 1 (4 Cos.). Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher’s Hill September 22. Skirmishes at Cedar Creek October 1 and 13. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty in Shenandoah Valley at Camp Russell till December 19. Moved to Washington, D.C., thence to Bermuda Hundred, Va., December 19-23. Duty in the trenches before Richmond till March, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Moved to front of Petersburg March 28-29. Hatcher’s Run March 30-31 and April 1. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Rice’s Station April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. March to Lynchburg April 12-15, thence to Farmville and Burkesville Junction April 15-19, and to Richmond April 22-25. Duty near Richmond till June, 1865. Mustered out June 17, 1865.

[Source: Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, by Frederick Dyer]

LOSSES

Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 63 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 148 Enlisted men by disease. Total 215.

[Source: Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, by Frederick Dyer]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

11th West Virginia Infantry web site [John C. Dawson]